A diagnosis of diabetes can bring on a lot of emotions. Although the disease can cause some serious secondary conditions. Learn how to live a healthy life with diabetes by reading these tips.
There are a variety of medications used to treat diabetes. Your doctor will look at your medical history, any other medications you are taking and the seriousness of your diabetes when helping you choose the right medication. Insulin is not necessary in all cases. If you are insulin-dependent, you will need to learn the proper method for injecting yourself and the right time of day to inject a dose of insulin. If you are not insulin-dependent, you may only be required to take oral medications.
Invest in a high-quality glucose monitor and test strips. It is important to check your blood glucose levels regularly. Record your glucometer readings and take them with you when you see your doctor. At each appointment, you should go over these readings with your doctor. These readings can help you and your doctor determine what events and foods affect your blood sugar levels. Your skin, feet, blood pressure and other vital signs will be checked. Make sure to see your eye doctor and your dentist annually as well.
Being overweight is one important indicator of the chances of developing diabetes. Excess weight around the mid-section is particularly indicative. Exercise regularly to lose weight and help your body use glucose properly. Losing a small percentage of body fat can improve your diabetic condition. Some diabetics are able to get off insulin and other medications simply by losing weight.
It is best for diabetics to eat several small meals throughout the day. Eating large meals less often can wreak havoc with your glucose levels. Try to eat at the same time every day and eat a variety of food. Each meal should contain complex carbohydrates and protein. Sugars should come from natural sources, like fruit, because it is easier for your body to process natural sugars.
You need to know what serious medical conditions can result from diabetes. Cardiovascular disease can be caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries due to consistently high blood sugar levels. The resulting narrowing of the arteries can lead to heart attack or stroke. Narrowed blood vessels can also decrease the amount of oxygen delivered to the nerves resulting in nerve damage. Neuropathy makes it difficult or impossible to feel any damage to your feet or lower legs. This means you can have cuts or other injuries that you don’t even know are there. Neuropathy combined with inadequate blood flow can lead to a serious infection in your lower extremities. Untreated infections lead to gangrene and possible amputation. Diabetics are also more likely to suffer from glaucoma, cataracts and vision loss. Have your eyes checked regularly to preserve your vision.
Medication, glucose monitoring and regular medical checkups are all part of dealing with diabetes. You may feel overwhelmed at first but eventually you will realize that you can handle your diabetic conditions by taking it day by day.